Abstract Reasoning

A Simple Guide to Abstract Reasoning

Abstract reasoning refers to a method of observing problems and recognizing answers through the usage of generalizations or symbols rather than factual information. The tests for abstract reasoning are basically utilized to evaluate an applicant’s ability and intellect to work on new projects and summarize ideas, instead of evaluating their previous knowledge. The questions in abstract reasoning require individuals to identify similarities and patterns between figures and shapes. Such tests are quite helpful to companies because the capability to work on abstract reasoning queries is not dependant on cultural background and educational experience. Furthermore, it can be utilized to give an objective sign of academic potential.
No doubt, it is not completely true since the ability of abstract reasoning can be honed by studying and completing tests which comprise the kind of queries one wish to prepare for.

Use of abstract reasoning

Abstract reasoning tests are helpful to companies when the occupation includes dealing with conceptual concepts or ideas that one cannot be practised as several technical occupations do. As one would expect, abstract reasoning tests are normally utilized when the occupation one is applying for includes:

• Dealing with complicated concepts or data;
• A high level of problem-solving abilities or skills;
• Building up new policies or strategies;
• And, carrying out non routine jobs where initiatives are required.

However, questions of these tests can be put to use by companies for the evaluation of almost any job, as these are perceived to be good indicators of general cleverness. This also gives employers an opportunity to test candidates’ abilities for observing relations and working out any relationship irrespective of prior familiarity with mathematics and language.

The difference between diagrammatic reasoning and abstract reasoning

The concept of ‘theoretical reasoning’ is usually puzzled with ‘diagrammatic reasoning’. In fact, diagrammatic reasoning refers to an ability to deduce a set of protocols from some flowcharts or other diagrams and then use those protocols under new circumstances. Thus, a diagram or flowchart will provide one with essential details on how to sort out an issue. It is entirely upto one to sort out this detail rightly and use it to issue. This is the correct interpretation of ‘diagrammatic reasoning’, however at times, both terms are used interchangeably. If one has to ever take an exam in which they need to give answers to either abstract or diagrammatic reasoning, they should be certain regarding what they must expect.

Concrete reasoning is a similar concept to that of abstract reasoning, with a major difference that tangible analysis involves the skill to evaluate data and solve issues on literal level. This concept is important as it is the most important foundation of general awareness. The students should have an understanding of vital problem solving and educational concepts. This reasoning makes it possible for them to get acquainted with new and innovative ideas. This in turn helps them sharpen their learning capabilities by giving them an ability to connect fresh and creative ideas to formerly learned ideas. It eventually promotes long term benefits and ensures strong memory of ideas.


If an individual scores poorly in abstract reasoning tests, it does not indicate that they cannot learn or are incapable. Of course, they can learn, but sometimes they can be slow. Usually, these tests are most effectual when they draw on knowledge and experience, and least effectual when these are needed to include in conceptual, complex and original thinking.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s